The Ministry of Employment and Social Welfare
exists to promote sustainable employment opportunities, management and
vocational skills development, training and re-training, harmonious
industrial relations, safe and group formation and social integration
of vulnerable, excluded and the disadvantaged for the development and
growth of the economy.
We do this through the formulation and
implementation of policies, co-ordination, monitoring and evaluation of
the performance in the sector; guided by our belief in improved
productivity, efficiency, equity and prompt responsiveness to our
clients. The latter comprises the labor force, employers, people with
disabilities, the disadvantaged and vulnerable.
AIMS & OBJECTIVES:
Enshrined in the 1992 Constitution are the rights
of all citizens to work. With this provision, the Ministry has come out
with the following objectives:
- promote and encourage an enabling environment for accelerated growth and employment;
- institute special employment schemes for those vulnerable groups
by-passed by the growth process, including the assetless and the
unskilled, the extremely poor, and those falling victim to the growth
process, that is, re-deployed, the retrenched, and the educated
- promote adequate wage and self-employment opportunities to
productively absorb new entrants into the labour market;
- facilitate the process of formalization of employment through appropriate policy intervention;
- develop a comprehensive labour market information system and provision of improved employment services;
- ensure safe and healthy working environment in selected segments of formal and informal sector;
- promote improved labour-management relationships;
- improve and promote opportunities for technical and vocational training especially in the rural areas;
- improve the provision of management and business skills training;
- promote the organisation of short-term competency-based and demand-driven vocational training programmes;
- develop a comprehensive National Manpower Development Policy.
- Vocational Skills Training and Development
- Employment Generation and Labour Market Relations
- Occupational Safety and Health
- Social Welfare and NGO Registration and Co-ordination.
Recognising the high youth unemployment problem,
the Ministry is expanding all its vocational/technical and skills
training institutions to maximize their intake. Arrangements have been
made to open all social welfare training institutions as well as
rehabilitation centers for the disabled to the public.
So far, ten new NVTI institutions and 25 new ICCES
facilities have been opened in various districts in the rural areas.
With Cabinet's decision to pay salaries of ICCES instructors, the
capacity of ICCES to enroll more youth for training was increased.
The vocational training curricula have been
reviewed to increase their relevance to the current labour market.
Entrepreneurship and co-operative programmes have been added, and
graduates will be exposed to micro-financing to encourage the youth to
enter into self-employment.
There is a new focus on short-term
competency-based training programmes, which are readily marketable. The
curricula also include processing of prevalent raw materials in the
communities in which training institutions are located.
To ensure quality standards and relevance in
skills training, a collaborative committee made up of NVTI, ICCES, OIC
and Ghana National Association of Private Vocational and Technical
Institutions (GNAVTI) has been established to co-ordinate the training
Integrated Community Centres for Employable Skills (ICCES)
ICCES is currently providing courses of 2-3 years
duration in various trades to eleven thousand eight hundred (11, 800)
trainees in ninety-one (91) centers throughout the country. New
short-term courses have also been introduced. This year, (2002), 3,022
trainees are expected to pass out to compared to 2,833 in 2001. Studies
indicate that 62% of ICCES graduates are self-employed in the rural
A feasibility study has been completed on the
viability of training the youth in bamboo/rattan craft at Anyinam,
Offinso, Akrokerri, Wassa Saa and Assin Jakai.
Opportunities Industrialisation Centre
In 2002, one thousand two hundred and eighteen
(1,218) trainees completed training and were awarded certificates at
the Accra and Sekondi/Takoradi OIC. Out of the total number were 104
non-literate and semi-literates trained in employable
vocational/technical skills through a special outreach programme in
partnership with Master Craftsmen/women in a project sponsored by the
European Union Commission.
Currently, a total of nine hundred and forty-five (945)
disadvantaged youth (J.S.S. & S.S.S dropouts and graduates) have
been enrolled at the O.IC. in Accra, Kumasi and Sekondi-Takoradi.
In addition, one hundred and five (105) non-literate and
semi-literate youth have been enrolled in an outreach improved
apprenticeship-training programme in partnership with Master
craftsmen/women, which is being sponsored by EZE of Germany.